java对接阿里云短信平台

1、使用自己的支付宝登录阿里云https://www.aliyun.com/,购买免费的短信服务。

java对接阿里云短信平台

搜索“短信”找到图中的【三网合一】进入

java对接阿里云短信平台

点击立即购买,你也可以买有费用的,我测试用就免费申请的(每个用户只能申请一次免费的)。

java对接阿里云短信平台

点击“立即开通”

java对接阿里云短信平台

支付成功后,点击“管理控制台”,可以看到自己的短信服务

java对接阿里云短信平台

2、再次进入购买界面,查看短信接口的定义以及调用方式。

java对接阿里云短信平台

本次案例是发送短信验证码,短信信息也是如此,换下接口和参数即可。

3、编写代码

需要pom引入一下http工具

       <!--httpclient-->
<dependency>
<groupId>org.apache.httpcomponents</groupId>
<artifactId>httpclient</artifactId>
<version>4.5.10</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.apache.httpcomponents</groupId>
<artifactId>httpcore</artifactId>
<version>4.4.10</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.apache.httpcomponents</groupId>
<artifactId>httpmime</artifactId>
<version>4.5.10</version>
</dependency>

package com.example.mybaties.utils;

import org.apache.commons.lang3.StringUtils;
import org.apache.http.HttpResponse;
import org.apache.http.client.HttpClient;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpGet;
import org.apache.http.conn.ClientConnectionManager;
import org.apache.http.conn.scheme.Scheme;
import org.apache.http.conn.scheme.SchemeRegistry;
import org.apache.http.conn.ssl.SSLSocketFactory;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.DefaultHttpClient;
import org.apache.http.util.EntityUtils;

import javax.net.ssl.SSLContext;
import javax.net.ssl.TrustManager;
import javax.net.ssl.X509TrustManager;
import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
import java.net.URLEncoder;
import java.security.KeyManagementException;
import java.security.NoSuchAlgorithmException;
import java.security.cert.X509Certificate;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;

/**
* @Description:
* @Author: lst
* @Date
*/
public class SmsComponentUtil {

private static String host = "https://smsmsgs.market.alicloudapi.com";
private static String path = "/sms/";
//自己申请的APPcode
private static String appcode = "";
//模板编号 我用的1
private static String skin = "1";
private static String sign = "1";

public static void main(String[] args) {
sendCode("手机号码","123456");
}

public static void sendCode(String phone, String code) {

String method = "GET";
Map<String, String> headers = new HashMap<String, String>();
//最后在header中的格式(中间是英文空格)为Authorization:APPCODE 83359fd73fe94948385f570e3c139105
headers.put("Authorization", "APPCODE " + appcode);
Map<String, String> querys = new HashMap<String, String>();
querys.put("code", code);
querys.put("phone", phone);
querys.put("skin", skin);
querys.put("sign", sign);

try {

HttpResponse response = doGet(host, path, method, headers, querys);
//System.out.println(response.toString());如不输出json, 请打开这行代码,打印调试头部状态码。
//状态码: 200 正常;400 URL无效;401 appCode错误; 403 次数用完; 500 API网管错误
//获取response的body
System.out.println(EntityUtils.toString(response.getEntity()));
} catch (Exception e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}

}

public static HttpResponse doGet(String host, String path, String method,
Map<String, String> headers,
Map<String, String> querys)
throws Exception {
HttpClient httpClient = wrapClient(host);

HttpGet request = new HttpGet(buildUrl(host, path, querys));
for (Map.Entry<String, String> e : headers.entrySet()) {
request.addHeader(e.getKey(), e.getValue());
}

return httpClient.execute(request);
}

private static HttpClient wrapClient(String host) {
HttpClient httpClient = new DefaultHttpClient();
if (host.startsWith("https://")) {
sslClient(httpClient);
}

return httpClient;
}

private static String buildUrl(String host, String path, Map<String, String> querys) throws UnsupportedEncodingException {
StringBuilder sbUrl = new StringBuilder();
sbUrl.append(host);
if (!StringUtils.isBlank(path)) {
sbUrl.append(path);
}
if (null != querys) {
StringBuilder sbQuery = new StringBuilder();
for (Map.Entry<String, String> query : querys.entrySet()) {
if (0 < sbQuery.length()) {
sbQuery.append("&");
}
if (StringUtils.isBlank(query.getKey()) && !StringUtils.isBlank(query.getValue())) {
sbQuery.append(query.getValue());
}
if (!StringUtils.isBlank(query.getKey())) {
sbQuery.append(query.getKey());
if (!StringUtils.isBlank(query.getValue())) {
sbQuery.append("=");
sbQuery.append(URLEncoder.encode(query.getValue(), "utf-8"));
}
}
}
if (0 < sbQuery.length()) {
sbUrl.append("?").append(sbQuery);
}
}

return sbUrl.toString();
}

private static void sslClient(HttpClient httpClient) {
try {
SSLContext ctx = SSLContext.getInstance("TLS");
X509TrustManager tm = new X509TrustManager() {
@Override
public X509Certificate[] getAcceptedIssuers() {
return null;
}
@Override
public void checkClientTrusted(X509Certificate[] xcs, String str) {

}
@Override
public void checkServerTrusted(X509Certificate[] xcs, String str) {

}
};
ctx.init(null, new TrustManager[] { tm }, null);
SSLSocketFactory ssf = new SSLSocketFactory(ctx);
ssf.setHostnameVerifier(SSLSocketFactory.ALLOW_ALL_HOSTNAME_VERIFIER);
ClientConnectionManager ccm = httpClient.getConnectionManager();
SchemeRegistry registry = ccm.getSchemeRegistry();
registry.register(new Scheme("https", 443, ssf));
} catch (KeyManagementException ex) {
throw new RuntimeException(ex);
} catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException ex) {
throw new RuntimeException(ex);
}
}
}

4、测试

运行main方法,查看控制台信息如下

java对接阿里云短信平台

在查看自己的手机收到的短信

java对接阿里云短信平台

 

 

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java对接阿里云短信平台

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